2010年10月29日

イディオム・クイズ A and Bタイプ

第5回となりましたイディオム・クイズ。今回は「A and B」タイプの特集です。
(1) But the whole country isn't (1. down and out 2. up and down 3. out and out 4. up and about), and if Obama were to ask voters if their lives have improved over the last two years, many could credibly answer yes.

(2) A new Polio vaccine is helping leaps and (1. bounces 2. bounds 3. hops 4. jumps) in eradicating the epidemic of Polio from the country.

(3) With just nine days left until the election, Republican Congressional candidate Charles Djou and Democratic challenger Colleen Hanabusa are (1. neck and neck 2. neck on neck 3. neck for neck 4. neck in neck), according to the results of our new poll.

(4) Barry is now working on thoroughly rewriting the "rough and (1. exact 2. general 3. ready 4. simple)" online version, which he always considered a first draft, for the print version due late next year.

(5) Similarly, where there is big money involved – the corruption will most likely find its roots dug deep into the system. It is literally under every stone you turn. And, by now, most of us in India have learned to live with corruption as a part and (1. part 2. whole 3. portion 4. parcel) of our life.

(5) Dr. Vangsness sees a lot of (1. bear 2. wear 3. fear 4. pear) and tear in athletes. He gives his patients five simple tips that can help prevent and lessen the pain of osteoarthritis.

(6) Getting sympathetic (1. note 2. nobility 3. rank 4. scoundrel)-and-file union members to vote is a top concern for Democrats in a year that has seen widespread disenchantment with the economy and Democratic leadership in Washington.

(7) One such campaign was the “(1. spit and polish 2. wipe and clean 3. dust and buff 4. scrub and shine) campaign”, which ended the practice of firefighters cleaning equipment unnecessary (mainly brass fittings), cleaning toilets and windows, with firefighters instead doing meaningful work such as fire prevention, inspections and training in return for a living wage.

(8) Markets were (1. in twos and threes 2. at sixes and sevens 3. five-and-ten 4. number one and number two)last night, not sure whether the latest Chinese economic data were good or bad.

(9) More than 30 student volunteers work to create gardens, plant trees and keep the school's playground (1. easy and cozy 2. neat and clean 3. brick and mortar 4. spick and span).

(10) As ward members we will (1. fight tooth and nail 2. cost an arm and a leg 3. keep body and soul together 4. live from hand to mouth) to oppose these plans which are patently unfair.

それでは正解をみてみましょう。
(1) But the whole country isn't (1. down and out), and if Obama were to ask voters if their lives have improved over the last two years, many could credibly answer yes.
[解説]1. down and out(無一文の、落ちぶれて)

(2) A new Polio vaccine is helping leaps and (2. bounds) in eradicating the epidemic of Polio from the country.
[解説]2. by leaps and bounds(とんとん拍子に、一足飛びに)

(3) With just nine days left until the election, Republican Congressional candidate Charles Djou and Democratic challenger Colleen Hanabusa are (1. neck and neckk), according to the results of our new poll.
[解説]1. neck and neck(負けず劣らず、競り合って)

(4) Barry is now working on thoroughly rewriting the "rough and (3. ready)" online version, which he always considered a first draft, for the print version due late next year.
[解説]3. rough and ready(間に合わせの、粗雑な)

(5) Similarly, where there is big money involved – the corruption will most likely find its roots dug deep into the system. It is literally under every stone you turn. And, by now, most of us in India have learned to live with corruption as a part and (4. parcel) of our life.
[解説]4. part and parcel(重要部分、本質的部分)

(5) Dr. Vangsness sees a lot of (2. wear) and tear in athletes. He gives his patients five simple tips that can help prevent and lessen the pain of osteoarthritis.
[解説]2. wear and tear(磨耗、消耗、擦り切れ)

(6) Getting sympathetic (3. rank)-and-file union members to vote is a top concern for Democrats in a year that has seen widespread disenchantment with the economy and Democratic leadership in Washington.
[解説]3. rank and file(指導者に追随する)

(7) One such campaign was the “(1. spit and polish) campaign”, which ended the practice of firefighters cleaning equipment unnecessary (mainly brass fittings), cleaning toilets and windows, with firefighters instead doing meaningful work such as fire prevention, inspections and training in return for a living wage.
[解説]1. spit and polish(完璧な身だしなみ)

(8) Markets were (2. at sixes and sevens)last night, not sure whether the latest Chinese economic data were good or bad.
[解説]1. in twos and threes(三々五々、ちらほら) 2. at sixes and sevens(乱雑に、混乱して) 3. five and ten(日用雑貨店) 4. 幼児語でnumber one(おしっこ)number two(うんち)

(9) More than 30 student volunteers work to create gardens, plant trees and keep the school's playground (4. spick and span).
[解説]3. brick and mortar(店舗経営の) 4. spick and span(とてもこぎれいな)

(10) As ward members we will (1. fight tooth and nail) to oppose these plans which are patently unfair.
[解説]1. fight tooth and nail(死に物狂いで戦う) 2. cost an arm and a leg(莫大な費用がかかる) 3. keep body and soul together(どうにか暮らしていく) 4. live from hand to mouth(その日暮らしをする)
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